/dev/null can save significant time on legacy Fortran programs that dump unneeded data to disk.
This is lower risk than making modifications to non-standard compliant code, and certainly less programmer time consuming.
I have seen 10x speedup from programs that had unneeded intensive file writing.
It’s also particularly useful for Fortran code called from Python via
The null filename per OS is:
- Linux, Mac, BSD, Cygwin, Windows Subsystem for Linux:
- native Windows:
Null-writing Fortran: devnull.f90
The test below has
/dev/null 3x - 5x faster than
scratch file, even with fast SSD.
use, intrinsic:: iso_fortran_env, only: int64 implicit none integer(int64) :: tic,toc,rate character(*), parameter :: nulunix='/dev/null', nulwin='NUL',fout='out.txt' integer, parameter :: N=1000 integer :: ios,u,i real :: tnul, tscr ! --- benchmark NUL call system_clock(tic,count_rate=rate) open(newunit=u,file=nulunix,status='replace',iostat=ios, action='write') if (ios /= 0) open(newunit=u,file=nulwin,status='replace',iostat=ios, action='write') if (ios /= 0) error stop 'could not open a NULL file handle' do i = 1,N write(u,*) 'blah blah blah' flush(u) enddo close(u) call system_clock(toc) tnul = (toc-tic)/real(rate) print *,tnul,' seconds to write to NUL' !---- benchmark scratch call system_clock(tic) open(newunit=u, status='scratch') do i = 1,N write(u,*) 'blah blah blah' flush(u) enddo close(u) call system_clock(toc) tscr = (toc-tic)/real(rate) print *,tscr,' seconds to write to scratch file' print '(A,F7.3,A)','NUL is ',tscr/tnul,' times faster than scratch.' end program