Replace obsolete Fortran "pause" statement

The obsolete Fortran 66 statement pause had various behaviors depending on the operating system and compiler. Fortran pause was used for three different purposes in the Fortran 66/77 era:

  • (most common use) program waits forever, until the user pressed the Enter key, ignoring typed input.
  • wait for user to type text on tty stdin, assigning the typed text to a variable.
  • (very old programs) drop to a system shell, allowing any shell command to be used

Modern Fortran “pause” replacement

Each of the three styles above can be replaced with unambiguous modern Fortran 2018 code.

Wait till Enter

In this case, the program merely waits for the Enter key, ignoring any console input.

use, intrinsic:: iso_fortran_env, only: stdin=>input_unit

print *, 'Waiting for Enter.'

The program then proceeds.

Wait till user input

In this case, the program stores user-typed text into a variable.

use, intrinsic:: iso_fortran_env, only: stdin=>input_unit
character(80) :: userinp

print *, 'Type something at me, then push Enter.'
read(stdin,*) userinp

Execute system command

This is a dangerous practice, I can’t see any modern use for it, so I’m omitting this example. In general to execute system commands from Fortran use

call execute_command_line('ls')