MyPy Python type checking single file or files

Usually it’s desired to check Python type annotations for an entire project. However, when introducing type checking to a large Python project, it can be beneficial to introduce type checking gradually, to avoid massive refactoring all at once. You will almost certainly find old code bugs due to type checking that will require refactoring, which introduces risk. Mitigate this risk by introducing type checking gradually.

MyPy single file options

MyPy is a strongly recommended type checker, though others exist. We typically use a per-project mypy.ini to make appropriate MyPy default behavior. To tell MyPy to only check certain files, use the MyPy –follow-imports= option like:

mypy --follow-imports=skip myproj/foo.py myproj/bar.py

Only certain directories can be checked like:

mypy --follow-imports=skip myproj/sub/ myproj/sub2

Once the type checks pass via mypy --follow-imports=skip, we recommend trying

mypy --follow-imports=silent

to improve robustness of the type check for those files / directories.