Matlab can directly create 3-D interactive plots of the Earth. An alternative is to export KML and use Google Earth to plot 3-D data with rendering of the Earth’s surface.
The plotting backend is WebGL, which is also used in uifigure. Matlab WebGL uses the GPU, including non-discrete GPUs built into the CPU as used in basic laptop PCs.
fg = uifigure; geoglobe(fg)
In Python, plotting data over a 3-D rendered Earth surface requires additional libraries like Mayavi or IPyParaView that serve as a frontend to VTK.