Linking HDF5 with CMake for C, C++ and Fortran

CMake links HDF5 into your C, C++, or Fortran program with just two lines in CMakeLists.txt. If experiencing trouble finding HDF5 with CMake, try our FindHDF5.cmake, which is more up to date than the FindHDF5.cmake included with CMake. An example CMake for writing network data to HDF5 in C: CMakeLists.txt.

Windows Subsystem for Linux users should ensure “/etc/wsl.conf” includes the following to avoid linking native Windows HDF5 from WSL:


We show an example for C and another example for Fortran. “HL” refers to the high-level HDF5 interface that is more convenient and thus commonly used.

Note: if terminal has the Conda environment loaded and you keep getting the Conda HDF5 library, do first:

conda deactivate

before running the CMake configure commadn.

project(myproj LANGUAGES C)


add_executable(myprog myprog.c)
target_link_libraries(myprog PRIVATE HDF5::HDF5)

project(myproj LANGUAGES Fortran)

find_package(HDF5 REQUIRED COMPONENTS Fortran HL)

add_executable(myprog myprog.f90)
target_link_libraries(myprog PRIVATE HDF5::HDF5)

HDF5 C example

The Fortran HDF5 syntax is quite similar.

#include "hdf5.h"

int main(void) {

   hid_t       file_id, dataset_id,dataspace_id; /* identifiers */
   herr_t      status;
   int         i, j, dset_data[4][6], read_data[4][6];
  hsize_t     dims[2];

   /* Initialize the dataset. */
   for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
      for (j = 0; j < 6; j++)
         dset_data[i][j] = i * 6 + j + 1;

   /* Create a new file using default properties. */
   file_id = H5Fcreate("test.h5", H5F_ACC_TRUNC, H5P_DEFAULT, H5P_DEFAULT);

   /* Create the data space for the dataset. */
   dims[0] = 4;
   dims[1] = 6;
   dataspace_id = H5Screate_simple(2, dims, NULL);

   /* Create the dataset. */
   dataset_id = H5Dcreate2(file_id, "/dset", H5T_STD_I32BE, dataspace_id,
                          H5P_DEFAULT, H5P_DEFAULT, H5P_DEFAULT);

   /* Write the dataset. */
   status = H5Dwrite(dataset_id, H5T_NATIVE_INT, H5S_ALL, H5S_ALL, H5P_DEFAULT,

   /* End access to the dataset and release resources used by it. */
   status = H5Dclose(dataset_id);


   /* Open an existing dataset. */
   dataset_id = H5Dopen2(file_id, "/dset", H5P_DEFAULT);

   status = H5Dread(dataset_id, H5T_NATIVE_INT, H5S_ALL, H5S_ALL, H5P_DEFAULT,

   for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
      for (j = 0; j < 6; j++)
        printf("%d ",read_data[i][j]); // 1-24

   /* Close the dataset. */
   status = H5Dclose(dataset_id);

   /* Close the file. */
   status = H5Fclose(file_id);

   return 0;

HDF5 compiler script

As an alternative to CMake, HDF5 compiler script h5cc links HDF5 and necessary libraries:

h5cc myprog.c func.c -lm
  • h5cc: C
  • h5c++: C++
  • h5fc: Fortran